|THE GREAT WAR|
|A transcribing project documenting the conflict of the 1914–1918 warPeople · Places · Publications|
NOWHERE on the whole battle-front has the fighting been fiercer or more continuous than around the Flemish town of Ypres, long famed for its beautiful Cloth Hall and Cathedral, now, alas, a heap of ruins and a city of the dead. The stand stands on a tributary of the Yser, in the mids of low-lying meadows, with important roads radiating from it to Bethune, Messines, Lille, Menin, Roulers and Bruges.
The first battle of Ypres may be said to have commenced on 20th October, and lasted right on to 17th November. It forms one of the great events chronicled in the fourth dispatch of Sir John French, and in its earlier stages was part of the simultaneous attack of the Germans on the French, British and Belgian front, from Arras to the coast at Nieuport. It is estimated that the Germans brought into this particular engagement at least 500,000 men, whilst the Allies numbered more than 150,000.
When Sir Douglas Haig arrived at Ypres from the Aisne on 19th October with the First British Corps, he was instructed by Headquarters to advance to Thourout with the object in view of capturing Bruges and, if possible, of driving the enemy towards Ghent. It soon became apparent, however, that all idea of such an offensive as was proposed must be postponed, for the Germans where everywhere advancing in strong force and threatened the flanks of the British Corps. (continue reading)
The Great War on this day is a daily listing of movements, actions, events and political involvements that took place this day between 1914–1918. (This information refreshes daily.)
On this day in history (19 July)
Events preceding British Declaration of War
- British Fleet at Spithead: reviewed by King George V.
- Austria-Hungary: Press scare concerning alleged "Great Serbia" conspiracy.
- King George V summons a Conference to discuss the Home Rule problem.
- WF - German attack near Les Eparges (Verdun), repulsed with heavy losses, also west and south-west of Souchez.
- EF - Russians concentrating on Narev. Germans attacking north and south of Warsaw. Fiercest fighting on Lyublin-Kholm line.
- SF - Italian success on Carso plateau after two days' fighting: capture of M. San Michele.
- PO - Venizelist movement gains ground as opposed to Germanophil policy of Gournaris.
- Bulgaria again declares neutrality.
- WF - German attacks on Longueval and Delville Wood continued; British regain some lost ground, repulse attack on Waterlot Farm.
- AE - In Persia Russians are defeated and driven back north of Kermanshah by Turks. 3rd Turkish Division discovered at Bir el Abd (Sinai).
- WF - Heavy German attacks south of Lombartzyde (Nieuport sector), south of St. Quentin, and north of the Aisne repulsed.
- EF - German counter-offensive opens; Russian positions east of Zloczow (east Lemberg) pierced as a results of troops insubordination.
- AE - Turkish cavalry force encountered west of Beersheba (Palestine) and driven back.
- NO - Report on operations in East Africa published.
- Main German positions in the region of Narongombe (East Africa) attacked; heavy casualties on both sides.
- PO - German Imperial Chancellor speaks in the Reichstag on the "Majority Resolution".
- Statement issued on Russian and German Socialists meeting at Stockholm.
- Attempted assassination of M. Kerenski.
- WF - French and Americans advance on Soissons-Thierry line, taking Vierzy (north of Ourcq) and Neuilly St. Front (south of Ourcq).
- South of Marne, French retake Montvoison.
- British capture Meteren (west of Bailleul), taking 300 prisoners.
- NO - British airmen, supported by detachment of Grand Fleet, bomb Zeppelin base near Tondern (Schleswig-Holstein).
- French liner Australien (Messageries Maritimes) torpedoed in Mediterranean, 20 lost.
- U.S. armoured cruiser "San Diego" sunk off Fire Island, off New York, 6 lost.
- Justicia (White Star liner) torpedoed off north coast of Ireland, 10 lost.
- PO - Honduras declares War on Germany.
- British Ministerial changes. Admiral Sims made G.C.M.G.
- Statement of Lord R. Cecil re Allies Trade Policy.
- Denaturalisation Bill read third time in House of Commons.
- Sedition Committee Report (Rowlatt) published in India.
- Peace celebrations in the United Kingdom.
- Near the coast at Kilwa, British columns are closing in on one of the larger bodies of enemy troops. In the south, the enemy are being driven towards Mahenge.
- The Centre, Radicals, and Majority Socialists passed a so-called "Majority Resolution," declaring that no desire for conquest actuated Germany; that "declining all thoughts of the forcible acquisition of territory, the Reichstag strives for a peace by agreement and a permanent reconciliation of the nations"; it also "rejects all plans which aim at economic exclusion and enmity between peoples after the war" — and aims only at an economic peace and freedom of the seas as preparatory for permanent friendly relations and the strengthening of international law. "So long as hostile Governments reject such a peace and threaten Germany and her Allies with schemes of conquest and oppression, the German people are determined unshakably to stand together," etc. Passed by 212 to 126. On this resolution Dr. Michaelis made a long speech, which appears to have pleased nobody — especially as, whilst nominally accepting the Resolution, he qualified his acceptance by talking of "your resolution, as I interpret it." He declared, fact, for a victor's peace and the inviolability of German territory, and stated that Germany would not again offer peace.
- Battles and Engagements of the British Armies in France and Flanders, 1914-1918
- British Blockade, The
- British Empire at War, The
- British War Aims
- Chronology of the War
- Fleets at War, The
- Great Britain at War
- Great Speeches of the War
- History of the Great War: Military Operations: France and Belgium, 1914
- Odhams' A.B.C. of the Great War
- Popular History of the Great War, A
- Soldier and Sailor Words and Phrases
- Soldier's Diary, A
- Treasury of War Poetry, British and American Poems of the World War, 1914-1919
- War Speeches by British Ministers 1914-1916
- Year 1914 Illustrated, The
- Year 1915 Illustrated, The
- Year 1916 Illustrated, The
- Year 1917 Illustrated, The
- Year 1918 Illustrated, The
- The Great War: The Standard History of the All-Europe Conflict
- "Public domain". Wikipedia: The free encyclopaedia. (accessed 15 July, 2018).
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